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Egg donation is the process whereby a woman uses the eggs from a donor in order to have their own child. The donor’s eggs are fertilised with sperm, usually from the woman’s partner, to produce embryos. These are then transferred into the womb, making pregnancy possible.
There are three ways to access egg donor treatment at IVI: using a known donor, a UK donor or using the IVI overseas egg donation programme.
Semen from the partner
- Women who do not produce eggs of their own, due to the menopause, maternal age, premature ovarian failure or ovarian surgery
- Women who cannot use their own eggs because they are not of sufficient quality or carry certain hereditary diseases
- Women for whom repeated IVF has not been successful
- Women whose ovaries cannot be accessed to obtain eggs
- Women who have had repeated miscarriages
- Women who have, or whose embryos have, chromosomal abnormalities
- Primary ovarian failure is when menstruation does not begin during puberty (gonadal dysgenesis – Turner syndrome or Swyer syndrome; and pure gonadal dysgenesis – Savage syndrome or resistant ovary syndrome)
- Premature ovarian failure is when ovarian function stops before the age of 40, with periods starting to become irregular and eventually stopping altogether.Some of the causes of this include:
- Hereditary factors: carriers of Fragile X Syndrome, etc.
- Enzyme alterations: galactosemia, 17a-hydroxylase deficiency or gonadotropin secretion defect.
- Autoimmune disorders: MEN (multiple endocrine neoplasia) syndrome, Addison’s syndrome, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, anti-ovarian antibodies, etc.
- Infectious factors: parotiditis, rubella, etc.
- Environmental factors: smoking, etc.
- Surgical castration: due to cysts or tumours on the ovaries.
- Past treatment with chemotherapy or radiotherapy
- Repeated failure with IVF is when women do not respond to ovarian stimulation; when several attempts at fertilisation using ICSI are not successful; or when embryos repeatedly fail to implant successfully.
- Men who have no sperm
- Men who are carriers of certain genetic diseases or of sexually transmitted infections
- Men whose semen has chromosomal abnormalities
- Women who do not have a male partner
In 26 years, the IVI Group has helped more than 160,000 dreams come true.
97% of our patients said they would recommend IVI. We work with you at every stage of the treatment, providing support and care.
IVI has a worldwide reputation for innovative research and has developed and patented pioneering techniques and technologies.
IVI is one of the largest fertility providers in the world, with over 70 clinics in 13 countries.
You may require egg donation as part of your fertility treatment. This may be because of medical complications or the female partner’s maternal age. There are three ways to access this treatment at IVI:
- Using a known donor
A patient may choose to use an oocyte donated from a relative or another known person. These eggs would undergo medical screening as part of the process and counselling would be necessary.
- Using a UK donor
Patients can use a UK donor. Due to the current UK law, at the age of 16 the child (or parent on their behalf) can access the donor’s non-identifiable information. When the child reaches 18 they may contact the donor if they wish, but this doesn’t change the legal status of the donor.
Using a donor from IVI in Spain
IVI have a network of clinics across Spain that for many years have been working with UK patients who require egg donation. Egg donation is anonymous in Spain. IVI in Spain has the largest frozen egg bank in the world. We therefore have access to egg donors with all characteristics, with no waiting list.
Before receiving the embryos, patients undergo treatment to prepare the endometrium for embryo transfer.
Women are given medication to take to prepare the uterus for implantation of the transferred embryo.
Preparation of the semen
The semen is prepared in the laboratory to select the most suitable spermatozoa for fertilising the donated eggs.
Semen can also be cryopreserved (frozen) in advance and used when compatible eggs are available.
Fertilisation and transfer
The sperm and eggs are brought together using in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or sperm microinjection(ICSI). Once the eggs have been fertilised, they are kept in the IVF laboratory until everything is ready for transfer into the woman’s uterus.
Embryos are selected for transfer and the ideal moment for treatment is identified. The medical team assess these factors based on the couple’s medical history, the number of embryos obtained, their characteristics, and the individual circumstances of the treatment cycle.